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Spread Spectrum

A means or method of communication that occurs over multiple frequencies at the same time. Telecommunications techniques in which a signal is transmitted in a bandwidth considerably greater than the frequency content of the original information. Frequency hopping, direct sequence spreading, time scrambling, and combinations of these techniques are forms of spread spectrum.


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A modulation technique in which the carrier frequency is shifted by an amount proportional to the value of the modulating signal. The amplitude of the carrier signal remains constant. The information signal causes the carrier signal to increase or decrease its frequency based on the waveform of the information signal.
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One of several technologies used to separate multiple conversation transmissions over a finite frequency allocation of throughtheair bandwidth. TDMA is used to allocate a discrete amount of frequency bandwidth to each user in order to permit many simultaneous conversations. However, each caller is assigned a specific time slot for transmission.
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The decrease in power of a signal, light beam, or light wave, either absolutely or as a fraction of a reference value. The decrease usually occurs as a result of absorption, reflection, diffusion, scattering, deflection, or dispersion from an original level and usually not as a result of geometric spreading. The loss of signal strength and integrity on a cable because of the length of the cable.
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An early implementation of the spread spectrum concept. This wireless access technology transmits data in a series while constantly changing the frequency in use.
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Repeated switching of frequencies during radio transmission according to a specified algorithm, to minimize unauthorized interception or jamming of telecommunications.
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