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Layer 3 switching

The emerging layer 3 switching technology integrates routing with switching to yield very high routing throughput rates in the millionsofpacketspersecond range. The movement to layer 3 switching is designed to address the downsides of the current generation of layer 2 switches, which are functionally equivalent to bridges. These downsides for a large, flat network include being subject to broadcast storms, spanning tree loops, and address limitations that drove the injection of routers into bridged networks in the late 1980s. Currently, layer 3 switching is represented by a number of approaches in the industry.


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Highspeed switch that forwards packets between datalink segments. Most LAN switches forward traffic based on MAC addresses. This variety of LAN switch is sometimes called a frame switch. LAN switches are often categorized according to the method they use to forward traffic: cutthrough packet switching or storeandforward packet switching. Multilayer switches are an intelligent subset of LAN switches. Compare with multilayer switch. See also cutthrough packet switching, storeandforward packet switching.
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A mechanical, electrical, or electronic device that opens or closes circuits, completes or breaks an electrical path, or selects paths or circuits. A switch looks at incoming data to determine the destination address. Based on that address, a transmission path is set up through the switching matrix between the incoming and outgoing physical communications ports and links. A network device that is an intelligent hub because it knows the addresses of the systems connected on each outbound port. Instead of repeating traffic on every outbound port, a switch repeats only traffic out of the port on which the destination is known to exist. Switches offer greater efficiency for traffic delivery, create separate broadcast and collision domains, and improve the overall throughput of data.
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The network portion of an IP address. For a class A network, the network address is the first byte of the IP address. For a class B network, the network address is the first 2 bytes of the IP address. For a class C network, the network address is the first 3 bytes of the IP address. In the Internet, assigned network addresses are globally unique.
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A logical network segmentation implemented on switches and bridges to manage traffic. Multiple VLANs can be hosted on the same switch but are isolated as if they are separate physical networks. Only through a routing function, often provided by a multilayer switch, can cross-VLAN communications occur. VLANs function like physical network segments. Virtual Local Area NetworkVirtual local area network.
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The act of subdividing a network into numerous smaller units. These smaller units, groupings, segments, or subnetworks (i. e. , subnets) can be used to improve various aspects of the network. Segmentation can boost performance, reduce congestion, compartmentalize communication problems (such as broadcast storms), and provide security improvements through traffic isolation. Segments can be created by using switch- based VLANs, routers, or firewalls (as well as combinations of all of these).
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